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“Omnes res create sunt divins sapientize et potentia testes, divitiz felicitatis humane :—ex harum usu bonitas Creatoris; ex pulchritudine sapientia Domini ; ex ceconomid in conservatione, proportione, renovatione, potentia majestatis elucet. Earum itaque indagatio ab hominsibus sibi relictis semper estimata ; a veré eruditis et sapientibus semper exculta; malé doctis et barbaris semper inimica fuit.’—Linnaxus.

“Quel que soit le principe de la vie animale, il ne faut qu’ouvrir les yeux pour voir qu’elle est le chef-d’ceuvre de la Toute-puissance, et le but auquel se rappor- tent toutes ses opérations.”’—Bruckngr, Zhéorie du Systéme Animal, Leyden,


oe ew ew ee ee ~ Lhe sylvan powers Obey our summons; from their deepest dells The Dryads come, and throw their garlands wild And odorous branches at our feet; the Nymphs That press with nimble step the mountain-thyme And purple heath-flower come not empty-handed, But scatter round ten thousand forms minute Of velvet moss-or lichen, torn from rock Or rifted oak or cavern deep: the Naiads too Quit their loved native stream, from whose smooth face They crop the lily, and each sedge and rush That drinks the rippling tide: the frozen poles, Where peril waits the bold adventurer’s tread, The burning sands of Borneo and Cayenne, All, all to us unlock their secret stores And pay their cheerful tribute. J. Taynor, Norwich, 1818.







I. On new African Curculiontde.—I. By Guy A. K. MARsHALL, Sey | (lates. vice sera tials wey dan? wustttelete es snd@ las, oles ee goede

II. Bermudian Species of Donatiu (Teihya). By Buancun BEN- TAMER ORO ALM fps cig ocleha ea aueheye ents [tie at ose aoe oltete ear e.e2 diigo) Ssh eye nts

IIT. New Lepidoptera in the Joicey Collection. By L. B, Prout,

PEGPRES sven pea cole at ty ger se te slip ars cl chal Sul oes noth es Repack a aha IV. On the Striped Squirrels hitherto referred to the Genus Para-

werus, By OLDFIELD THOMAS veces e cece recente eee eee nces

V. Two new Tuco-tucos from Argentina, By OLDFIELD THoMas.

VI. Protoéchinus, Austin. By F, A. Barurr, Disc. FBS.

(Plate DL) jo. awe cdc dees oe teh gt eae sk tec c ey tree VII. Notes on the Braconide in the British Museum.—II. On

the Australian Species of Cardiochiline and Doryctine. By Row-

Pind He CURNGE, BZ: 56 FBS... cate squirt ey yee et VIII. Further Notes on the Asilide of Australia. By Guer-

RUD RM RLOAIRD Oy clues slviie ee te + © ve» sins TOE Soy one iar ol Ways meen






1V CONTENTS. Page IX. Note on the Lower Jaw of Stereognathus ooliticus, Charles- worth. By Dr. Branistav Perronievics. (Plate IIT.)........ 67

X. Variation in the Prothoracic Spines of Dactylispa xanthopus, Gestro. By 'S. Mavri, BA. (Cantob.), FAS oe pee ee. es 70

XI. Note on Epistictia reicheana, Guérin. By 8S. A, Mau ix,

Boa: (Camtab:), PTS. a0). chevyc css «is « og hs ee eine 74 XII. New Species and Races of Ithomiine in the Joicey Collec- dion. “By WW... Have, BLES. (hiss) 0% <4): Sue ek eee ne eiete ele far XIII. Notes on Fossorial Hymenoptera. XXXII. On new’ Species in the British Museum. By Rowianp E, Turner, F.Z.5., EES, 5. ee pian abhi se rites © bfcs hide eee ce tas tke hee ee een 86 XIV. On Barnacles of the Genus Scalpellum from Deep-sea Telegrapb-Cables.. By W."T. Catman, D.Sc. ....-¢...asens eee 96 XV. Descriptions of New Pyralide of the Subfamily Py- rausting. By Sir Grorer F’, Hampson, Bart., F.Z.8., &c. ...... 125 NUMBER 2, XVI, Descriptions of Thirty-four Species of Marine Mollusca from the Persian Gulf, Gulf of Oman, and Arabian Sea, collected by Mr. F. W. Townsend. By James Cosmo MeEtviuu, M.A., D.Sc. (Plates TV.& V.) oc caics sites wise pie ee eee se eee 137 XVII. Descriptions and Records of Bees—LXXIX, By T. D.A. COCKERELL, University of Coloradoes.cer--t sce -cir ee ences 158 XVII. The Coleoptera of the Falkland Islands. By G, C. ORAMPION, L59, t.icicsaiers aie os ay] PERE Ree Ren nen eee 167 XIX. On small Mammals from Salta and Jujuy collected by Mr, E, Budin. By O_pFirLp THomas....... Beit ina sot leleinaa ere 186 XX. The Generic Division of the Hedgehogs. By Otprretp RELOMUAG po teil Solute lots st os, + 1s 004 Sloe REMMI a hia see cena 193

XXI. The Homoptera of Indo-China, By W. L. Distant .... 196


NUMBER 3, Page XXII. Brief Descriptions of new Thysanoptera.—IX. By RICHARD! S. BAGNALL, FLEAS esas eheees odecacs ded me adore a siere 201

XXIII. Notes on the Braconide in the British Museum.—III. On new Australian Agathine. By Rowianp E. Turner, F.Z.S.,

XXIV. Four new Species of Hedgehog. By OLpFiELD THomas. 280 XXV. A new River-crab from the Transvaal. By W. T.

MAT AEAN, DSC), iil tht ee RO st ook ties daie & Mea o0) 3 nod Loe XXVI. On the Papuan, Melanesian, and North Australian Species

of the Genus Rana, By G. A. BouLENGER, F.R.S. ............ 236 XXVIT. Some Notes on the small Sand-Foxes of North Africa.

BE VAOE DML OMAGG tie sha vie a Su Des Mmauatdatag hae aoass « 242 XXVIII. Platymycterus, a new Genus of Asiatic Curculionide _ (Coteopt.); By Guy A. K. MansHann, D:Se.% 1. cccencaiscte aes 245

XXIX. Descriptions of New Pyralide of the Subfamily Py- raustine. By Sir GzorGE F. Hampson, Bart., F.Z.8., &e. ....., 252 Proceedings of the Geological Society ci. ticeneccu seed tennegses 262


XXX. Descriptions of New Pyralide of the Subfamiliy Py- raustine. By Sir GrorGE F. Hampson, Bart., F.Z.S., &e. ...... 265

XXXI. A peculiar State of Development in Brachydesmus (Myria- poda—Polydesmoidea). By Henry W, Brétemann (of Pau, ibasses-byrendos, NENG): o's... osu. wun een ie ae ces cc oa 281

XXXII. Notes on Fossorial Hymenopteraa—XXXIII. On new Ethiopian Species of Psammocharide, By Rowtanp E, Turner, JAAS Ua] DAS EE A eae SP APR IMMER ESS cs: ae Earn a a 284

XXXII. The Homologies of the Anal Plate in Antedon. By Brae BATHE): Sey Rel os. os ss «cae niida dl saett) aides: 294

XXXIV. On the Arrangement of the small Tenrecide hitherto referred to Oryzorictes and Microgale. By OLDFIELD THomas.,.. 302


Pago XXXV. The Baculum or Os Penis of some Genera of Mustelide. Bye. OCOCK, HOIRIS.. 245 oss soe) ee ee, cree 307 XXXVI. New Heterocera in the Joicey Collection. By Louis BAPROUT, Heber! wits sce Asoo ous .o./0) 800, 9) ace 312 XXXVII. Note on Laccoptera vigintiser-notata, Bohemau. By S.WAUIIK, DA. Oantab;,. PVES., F.Z.8. 0s een ae eee 318 XXXVIII. Two new Indian Cassidine Beetles. By 8. Mavix, IBA. Canta, EHS. 035. se sies «cto bei eo: ee Oe gee 322

XXXIX. On a new Genus and Two new Species of Amatide (Syntomide) in the Joicey Collection. By W. J. Kaye, F.E.S. .. 326

New Book:—Shells as Evidences of the Migrations of Early Cultire, . By J. WiItreEn JACKSON, <s..5).0 0 peer eee 327


XL. Notes on Exotic Chloropide.—Part I. Oscinine. By C. G. Lamp, M.A., B.Sc., Clare College, Cambridge ................+: 329

XLI. Notes on Fossorial Hymenoptera.—XX XIV. On Ethiopian Psammocharide in the British Museum. By RowLanp E. TURNER, VASP SURI ONS Big 58 Goran Suche se hee bere Sony epee hh ae Ene 349

XLII. Notes on Fossorial Hymenoptera. —XXXV. On new Sphe- cotdea in the British Museum. By Rowianp E. Turner, F.ZS., 1 Df) OF Seo Oe ree ISMN ASI once SS DG Olay Sear aod 208 357 356

XLII. Notes on Petrodromus and Rhynchocyon. By OLDFIELD PETONOAS § oa pic ig <peeg vice oye be Oe eee sl nam Ga Uae hc Oe 364

XLIV. A new Wild Doe from the Bogota} Cordillera. By Oxp- FIRED THOMAS (16 iaiss 0% © 5,11 seme eee ARGH Rea pes poke 370

XLV. Remarks on the Batrachian Genera Cornufer, Tschudi, Platymantis, Gthr., Simomantis, g. n., and Staurois, Cope. By G. A.-BouLENdER, FUR. * occ ee entrain nee 372

XLVI. Further Notes on some External Characters of the Bears (Ureide). . By R14, Pococx, Fe R:Srteee teehee nice ub a4 he 375



XLVII. Notes on Exotic Chloropide.—Part Il. Osemine. By C. G. Lams, M.A., B.Sc., Clare College, Cambridge ............ 385

XLVUI. On the Origin and Affinities of the Acari of the Family Demodecide, with Brief Remarks on the Morphology of the Group. ACMA Eve ELERST 5; 2,. 25 sa eae Pebersad erake Siege o.0) er Se oeere 400

XLIX. The Type-specimens of Pwetlasma carinatum, Hoek (Gicripedia), - By W. Ti Carman insects tts a Men asl oats 401

L. On new Hymenoptera of the Family Evanide in the British Museum. By Rowxanp E. Turner, F.Z.5., F.ES. ............ 408

LI. Contributions to a further Knowledge of the Rhynchotal Bamily Lygeudes . By Wy Wn DIS@ANE . «Sipe oe cs os c/o, inte emma ve 416

LII. Two new Diptera from Trinidad. By F. W. Epwarps ., 424

LITT. On some External Characters of Ruminant Artiodactyla. Part I> The Cephalophine, Neotragine, Oreotragine, and Mado- qung. by I. 1; POCOURCE ORS. 80 WOU Rs oAaeit Mia ae dn ced 426


PuaTE I, Sphrigodesgunni, Deiradognathus fasciatus, and Cylindrobaris ornata. II. Protoechinus anceps. III. Portions of lower jaw of Stereognathus ooliticus.



*. Mollusea from Persian Gulf and Arabian Sea.


Page 157, line 4, and page 158, line 37, for Cypricardia read Venerupis.







pig X\ s fers Ys: ae —_ ua i, ple yy : be eS 8 Hee) SERS ate es ace






sliggieative of Dr. G. A. K. Marshall’s Paper on new African Cureulionide, Dr, F. A. Bather’s on Protoéchinus, Austin, and Dr. B. Perpunlevien, 3 on the

Lower Jaw of Stereoynathus ooliticus. ee LONDON: TAYLOR AND FRANCIS, RED LION. COURT, FLEET STREET.

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Peta bosais coor per litora spargite muscum, Naiades, et circiim vitreos considite fontes : Pollice virgineo teneros hic carpite flores: Floribus et pictum, dive, replete canistrum. At vos, o Nymphe Craterides, ite sub undas ; Ite, recuryato variata corallia trunco Vellite muscosis e rupibus, et mihi conchas Ferte, Dee pelagi, et pingui conchylia succo.”

N. Parthenii Giannettasi, Bol. 1,

No, fT. JANUARY 19178.

I.—On new African Curculionide.—lI. By Guy A. K. Marsnatt, D.Sc.

[Plate I.] Subfamily Bracuyperrin x. Sympiezomias cupreovirens, sp. i.

$ ?. Colour black, with dense bright green scaling above and a narrow coppery stripe running from the front margin of the prothorax to the apex of the elytra; on the prothorax there is sometimes a faint trace of a lateral stripe which is continued on to the base of the elytra; in some cases the upper surface is coppery, with a narrow lateral green stripe on both prothorax and elytra; the lower surface in either cuse rather brassy.

Head with very sparse shallow punctures which are quite hidden by the scaling, the forehead with a faint central stria continuous with the rostral furrow. Rostrum a little longer than its basal width, parallel-sided, the dorsal outline rather strongly curved; the upper surface almost flat transversely, with a deep narrow central furrow in the basal half and a broader shallower lateral one on each side flanked internally by a low carina; below and parallel with this a short furrow in front of the eye. Antenne piceous; joint 1 of the funicle

Ann. & Mag. N. Hist. Ser. 9. Vol. i. 1

Y Dr. G. A. K. Marshall on

as long as 24+38+4; joint 2 about as long as broad, the remainder transverse. Prothorax slightly broader than long, the apex much narrower than the base, the sides moderately rounded, broadest about the middle, the apical constriction shallow; the upper surface with very shallow and sparse punctation, which is entirely hidden, and a deep narrow central furrow that does not quite reach either the apex or base. Hlytra narrowly subelliptical, broadest about the middle, the apices jointly rounded in both sexes, dis- tinctly more pointed behind in the ¢ and with the extreme tip produced slightly downwards ; the shallow striz appear extremely narrow when the scaling is intact, and the punc- tures are almost hidden; the intervals are flat, dull, and finely rugulose beneath the scaling, each bearing a single row of very short and inconspicuous recumbent scale-like sete. Legs piceous, with the tibiz and tarsi more reddish.

Length 5-6, breadth 2 mm.

Narat: Vlakhoek (H. J. Stiebel—type). TransvaaL: Johannesburg (Harold A. Fry).

The Natal specimens were forwarded by the Division of Entomology, Pretoria, with the information that the insects were destroying young leaves on apple-trees.

Very closely allied to S. (Piazomias) viridanus, Fhs., which occurs also in the Transvaal ; but that species differs in having the prothorax a little longer (at least as long as broad), only slightly narrower at the apex than at the base, and with the surface rugosely sculptured in longitudinal wrinkles ; the head is granulose (beneath the scaling) and somewhat striolate on the forehead, the eyes being distinctly shorter and more convex; the rostrum is proportionately broader, shghtly widened at the gene, and with the dorsal outline almost straight ; the teeth on the inner edge of the tibize are shorter and more slender, &c.

The genus Sympiezomias, Fst., has not been previously recorded from Africa, but there seems to be no reason for separating these two insects from the Indian species, despite the difference in the structure of the scales, all of which have a small boss-like elevation in the middle, like those of the Indian genera Lepidospyris, Mshl., and Tylopholis, Mshl.

Subfamily Ovrorruyncurn 2. Genus Spuricopsgs, Gerst. Sphrigodes gunni, sp. n. 3. Colour black, with dense dark brown scaling above, variegated with stripes and spots of whitish scales, the lower

new African Curculionide. 3

surface with uniform pale greenish scaling. The head with pale scales round the eyes and along the dorsal edges of the rostrum ; the prothorax with five narrow pale longitudinal stripes; the elytra with the following pale markings :—-on interval 2 a stripe running from near the base to a little beyond the middle ; interval 4 with a stripe from the base as far as the middle of that on int. 2; int. 6 with a spot close to the base and another before the middle ; int. 8 with a broad stripe from the base to beyond the middle, and on a level with the end of this starts an oblique row of longi- tudinal patches along the top of the declivity on ints. 7, 6, 4, and 2 respectively, that on 6 being usually the longest ; a narrower stripe on the apical part of int. 8, which bends round in the form of a hook on to the apex of int. 4; and, finally, a V-shaped mark at the extreme apex on ints. 2 and 10.

Head with the coarse close punctation hidden by the ° scaling ; the forehead flat, with an elongate central fovea. Rostrum not much longer than its width at the gene, parallel-sided in the basal half, then abruptly and strongly dilated ; the dorsal area flat behind and shallowly impressed in front, its margins subcarinate and the lateral areas on each side almost perpendicular; the greatest distance between the scrobes about equal to the width of the fore- head. Antenne with the scape extending well beyond the front margin of the prothorax; the two basal joints of the funicle equal, joints 3 to 5 gradually diminishing in length, and 5 to 7 subequal and slightly longer than broad. Prothorax broader than long, broadest near the base, the sides moderately rounded, the apical constriction shallow but distinct ; the upper surface evenly convex, without any furrow, and set with close reticulate punctures, each of which is filled with a flat subcireular scale, the narrow shiny interspaces being mostly uncovered. lytra broadly ovate, their greatest width not far from the base, the dorsal outline moderately convex, the posterior declivity very steep ; the upper surface with shallow striz containing rows of deep distant punctures, each of which bears a curved seta that does not rise above the rim of the puncture; the intervals between the striz broad and flat, closely covered with subcircular convex scales which do not overlap, and between which the shiny integument is often visible; the short curved scale-like sete are irregularly scattered, and agree in colour with the scales around them. Leys with moderately close pale greenish scaling; the hind tibie curved so that the upper edge is concave and the lower


q Dr. G. A. K. Marshall on

convex, and near the apex of the lower edge is an impressed hare area, above which are two very stout bifid spines and some simple spines above them ; the other tibia have each in the same pose a row of three or four simple spines.

Length 43-5, breadth 24-3 mm.

26 The scaling of the upper surface light grey-brown or brownish grey, the markings that are so conspicuous in the 3S being only fainily indicated owing to their being very little lighter than the ground-colour.

The only structural differences are that the prothorax is proportionally broader, the apices of the elytra are jointly produced downwards into a beak-like point, and the last ventral segment is pointed at the apex and strongly com- pressed at the sides so as to form a prominent median ridge. In the @ this ventral segment is only slightly convex, broadly rounded at the apex, and bears a small shallow apical impression.

Length 53-6, breadth 3-33 mm.

TRansvaaLt: Pretoria (D. Gunn).

The male specimens were found on Acacia caffra and the females on grass.

This insect would have been referred by Faust to the genus Embrithes, Schh., and is congeneric with his E. pla- giatus and E. miser from East Africa. These insects are unquestionably referable to Sphrigodes, Gerst., and it is therefore probable that all the other tropical species of Embrithes described by Faust should be assigned to that genus.

In the true Hmbrithes, which are confined to the Cape subregion, the scape does not extend beyond the front margin. of the prothorax ; the rostrum is short and broad, being no longer than ae basal width ; the surface of ie prothorax i is uneven, and the upper edge of its basal margin is not carinate.

In Sphrigodes the scape extends well beyond the front margin of the prothorax ; the rostrum is much longer than its basal width; the Surtace of the prothorax is smooth, and the upper edge of its basal margin is finely carinate.

Subfamil y CryproRRHYNCHINZ.

Genus DriRADOGNATHUS, nov.

Head almost concealed from above in repose; the eyes large, narrowed below, the space between them above slightly greater than, and beneath less than, the basal width

new African Curculionide. 5

of the rostrum. Rostrum bent before the middle, the apical half flattened dorso-ventrally, with a deep constriction just in front of the eyes; the scrobes beginning at the middle and not passing actually beneath the rostrum at the base, so that the lower edge of the rostrum (when viewed from the side) is visible beneath the lower margin of the scrobe throughout ; the mandibles triangular in cross-section, the outer surface angulate, forming a longitudinal ridge, the cutting-edge shallowly bisinuate. Antenne with the scape not reaching the eye, the two basal joints of the funicle equal, the third only slightly shorter than the second ; the club broadly ovate, as long as the two preceding joints, segmented, the margins of the segments almost transverse. Seutellum distinct. Elytra broader than the thorax, with prominent shoulders and ten strie. Legs moderate, the front pair about as long as the hind ; the femora gradually dilated, with a stout tooth, not furrowed beneath, the hind pair not reaching the apex of the elytra; the tibiz com- pressed, strongly bent at the base, the lower edge shallowly bisinuate, the upper surface forming a sharp edge, the apex strongly uncinate, the corbels of the hind pair open; the tarsal claws simple, stout and free. Sternum with a deep prosternal furrow, which is not continued on to the meso- sternum, the front cox being as widely separated as the mid pair and having a rather prominent internal apical angle ; the mesepimeron nearly twice the size of the mesepisternum, the intercoxal process lying much below the level of the mid cox, and the front margin of the cavity of these cox bearing a distinct short projection ; the metasternum between the coxze more than 14 times as long as the mid coxie. Venter with segment 2 longer than either 3 or 4, but shorter than the two together, the portion of segment 1] behind the coxa distinctly longer than segment 2, the hind margin of segment | straight, the intercoxal process com. paratively narrow and conical.

Type, Deiradognathus fasciatus, sp. 0.

This genus falls into Lacordaire’s group Ithyporides, and in Faust’s key to the African genera known to him (Stett. Ent. Zeit. 1893, p. 232) it runs down next to Haplocorynus, Fst., which differs in having the femora abruptly clavate and the hind pair extending beyond the apex ot the elytra, the second joint of the funicle longer than the first, and the portion of the first ventral segment behind the coxe shorter than the second segment.

It is also allied to the Eastern Colobodes, Schh. ; but in this genus segment 2 is as long as 3+4, the femora have a

6 Dr. G. A. K. Marshall on

furrow beneath from the apex to the tooth, the mandibles are rounded externally, the scrobes pass beneath the rostrum in the basal third, and the margins of the joints of the antennal club are very oblique.

Deiradognathus fasciatus, sp. n.

?. Colour black, partly clothed with dense brownish cream-coloured scaling, and elsewhere with leaden-grey scales variegated with blackish brown. The head creamy with brown markings; the entire prothorax creamy, except a large dorsal hexagonal dark brown patch in the centre of the basal half; the elytra with dark scaling, except for a small spot at the base of interval 6 and a broad irregular transverse creamy band behind the middle, which widens outwardly from the suture to the lateral margin and extends along the margin to the base, being almost interrupted near the suture by an oblique leaden-grevy patch on intervals 2 and 3; the dark parts of the elytra are leaden grey, with a slight sheen, variegated with velvety dark brown or blackish patches, especially on the elevations ; the lower surface is creamy, except the last three ventral segments, which are dark with a row of pale spots down the middle and on each side; the legs creamy with large dark brown patches, the apices of the femora and the lower surface of the tarsi reddish brown.

Head dull, with fine and very shallow reticulation and scattered large deep punctures, but the sculpture is entirely hidden by the erect scales, which are so densely packed that only the tips are visible. Rostrum convex and almost parallel-sided in the basal third, thence flattened and markedly widening to the apex; in the basal area the punctation is very coarse and confluent at the sides, where the scaling is dense, and the dorsal area bears separated punctures of varying sizes; the flattened anterior part is much more sparsely punctate, and there is an undefined impunctate central stripe. Prothorax almost as long as its greatest width, the sides very strongly rounded, broadest before the middle, the base bisinuate and broader than the apex, which is somewhat produced over the head and sub- truncate in the middle; across the widest part there is a transverse row of four conical prominences and two others near the front margin, all of which appear to be due to elevations of the integument, but are really produced by bunches of convergent upright scales; the integument itself, which is completely hidden, bears coarse separated

new African Curculionidee. 7 punctures, with the intervals minutely sculptured, and there is a well-marked central carina (visible through the scaling) running from the base for two-thirds of the length. Scutellum bearing in front an erect compressed prominence, which is rendered less noticeable by the fact that the rest of the surface is covered by a cushion of erect red-brown scales of the same height. H/lytra jointly sinuate at the base, very graduaily narrowed behind from the shoulders, which are almost right angles, with a deep oblique impression before the apices, which are separated, each bearing a small tubercle ; the upper surface with regular rows of large shallow punctures, which are more or less concealed by the scaling, the intervals 1, 8, 5, and 7 slightly more raised ; interval 3 with a large boss-like patch of raised scales near the base, a long one close behind it which just reaches the pale band, a rounded one at the hind edge of the band, and a row of much smaller ones from there to the apex; interval 5 with similar but smaller raised patches on a level with the two front ones on 8, a small one in the pale band in front of that on 3, and a large dark boss-like one on the declivity ; a row of variable and often indistinct small prominences on interval 7 and on the declivity cnly of interval 1. Length 12-14, width 5-54 mm. S. Ruoprs1a: Bulawayo (F. Eyles).

Mecistocerus aloes, sp. n.

3d ¢. Colour black, with fairly dense dark brown scaling, irregularly and indefinitely variegated on the elytra with paler scales ; the legs greyish brown, all the tibiz having a dark band im the basal half, and the hind femora with a large dark patch about the middle.

Head with coarse confluent punctation, each puncture being filled with a broad seale; the forehead without a central furrow. Rostrum—() rather coarsely and con- fluently punctate throughout, with a sharp central carina in the basal half and on each side a broad shallow lateral furrow, which almost reaches the apex, but becomes broader and indefinite in the basal third, and below this in the apical half another shallow punctate furrow, which forms a continuation of the scrobe almost to the apex; (9?) coarsely punctate only at the sides of the basal third, the remainder shiny and with fine scattered punctures, without any central carina, and the upper lateral furrow deeper and more sharply defined than in the ¢. Antenne piceous ;

8 Dr. G. A. K. Marshall on

inserted at the middle of the rostrum (2) orslightly behind it (?) ; the scape as long as the first 34 joints of the funicle ; and the club narrowly elliptical and distinctly longer than the last three joints, which are slightly trans- verse ; jot 2 of the funicle much longer than 1. Pro- thorax as long as broad, shallowly bisinuate at the base, the sides subparallel or slightly diverging from the base to beyond the middle and converging strongly in front ; the upper surface with very deeply reticulate punctures through- out and without any definite central carina; the deep honeycomb-like punctures are usually filled with extraneous matter, but each contains to one side acurved scale-like seta, the pale ones, which are arranged roughly in three longi- tudinal stripes, beimg much broader than the dark ones. Elytra much broader than the prothorax, the shoulders roundly rectangular; the strize deeply punctate, the divisions between the punctures more or less granuliform, the inter- vals flat, about as broad as the striae and set with irregular low granules, which are not visible when the scaling is intact ; the scales ovate, dense, and overlapping. Legs with the femora almost linear, the hind pair reaching only the middle of the last ventral segment. Venter with the hind margin of the first segment shallowly bisinuate.

Length 73-84, breadth 8-34 mm.

TRANSVAAL: Pretoria.

Mr. Claude Fuller, Division of Entomology, Pretoria, states that these weevils were found puncturing the leaves of aloe plants.

On account of its linear femora this species falls into the subgenus Rhadinomerus, Fst. (cf. Heller, Ent. Tidsk. 1904, p. 186), from the previously described species of which it differs in having two lateral furrows on each side of the anterior half of the rostrum.

Subfamily Barrpry-x.

Genus CyLinpRosaRIs, nov.

Rostrum as long as the prothorax, gibbous at the base and tapering strongly to the apex, with the antenne inserted a little before the middle, and separated from the head by a deep transverse impression ; the scrobes uniting beneath the rostrum; the mandibles strongly bidentate. Antenne with the scape straight, broadly clavate, and not reaching the eye; the funicle with the two basal joints longer, 3-7 transverse and gradually widening outwardly, the

new African Curculionide. I:

seventh free; the first joint of the club as long as the rest together. Prothoraz as long as broad, very shallowly bisinuate at the base, and with a very slight post-ocular lobe. Scutellum large, oblong, and transverse. Elytra elongate, subeylindrical, with ten striz, separately rounded at the apex and leaving the sloping pygidium exposed; the shoulders prominent. Legs moderately long; the femora not toothed and but little dilated, the posterior pairs almost linear and not furrowed beneath ; the tibiz strongly bent near the base, otherwise straight, not furrowed, and mucro- nate at the apex; the tarsal claws rather small and connate at the base. Sternum: the prosternum (and still more the mesosternum) well below the level of the metasternum, not furrowed in front of the coxe; the front and mid cox equally separated, the interspace being narrow, not broader than the front tibiz ; the mesosternum with the side-pieces sharply differentiated ; the metasternum elongate, the length between the coxz nearly twice as long as the mid coxe, the episternum correspondingly long and comparatively narrow. Venter with the intercoxal piece rounded and comparatively narrow, not broader than the hind coxa; the length of segment 1 behind the coxa slightly greater than that of 2, the suture between them obliterated in the middle, seg- ment 2 as long as 8+4, the hind margins of all three almost straight and only slightly angulate at the sides; the tergites strongly chitinized and coarsely punctate.

Type, Cylindrobaris ornata, sp. n.

The large size and elongate cylindrical shape of this insect give it an aspect which is hardly suggestive of a Barid, the form being very similar to that of the Calandrid genus Cyrtorrhinus, Lac. The close approximation of the mid coxe, the tapering rostrum, and the almost straight margins of the intermediate ventral segments are all some- what unusual characters among the true Barides, to which the genus belongs.

Cylindrobaris ornata, sp. n.

General colour black or brownish black, with the head, rostrum, antennee, legs, apex of venter, and the last four or five abdominal tergites red-brown; occasionally the whole insect is red-brown. The body is decorated with the following markings, formed of dense overlapping lemon- yellow scales :—the whole of the scutellum; a transverse patch near the base of the elytra between striz 2 and 5, another similar one a little behind it between strie 6 and 9,

10 On new African Curculionide,

and a broad transverse band at two-thirds from the base extending from stria 1 to 9; a broad stripe down the middle © of the prosternum and mesosternum and partly invading the cox, the whole of the mesepimeron, a spot at the base of the metepisternum, a small patch at each apical external angle of the metasternum, and a large transverse patch on each side of the first ventral segment.

3 3. Head bare, aciculate, with shallow separated punc- tures. Rostrum sharply bent downwards near the base, and from there nearly straight to the apex, without carinz or sulci, coarsely and confluently punctate from the base to the end of the scrobe, the punctures being very much larger on the sides of the deep compressed basal area and each con- taining a short linear scale-like seta, the apical areamuch more finely and sparsely punctate. Antenne with the club of the scape shallowly excavated on its lower face, the side that fits into the scrobe protected by a patch of stiff scale-like bristles ; the funicle with joint 1 a little longer than 2, joint 3 quadrate. Prothorax very slightly widened from the base to the middle, and there rather abruptly and strongly narrowed to the apex, but without any distinct apical constriction, the front margin truncate dorsally, the dorsal outline rather strongly convex longitudinally and deepest a little behind the middle; the upper surface uniformly and closely covered with fine wavy ridges, which converge obliquely towards the front margin in the anterior half and in the hinder half form roughly concentric curves round the highest point; lying transversely to the ridges are numerous short linear scale-like white sete. Hlytra elongate, with the sides shallowly sinuate in the middle, separately rounded at the base, and a little broader than the prothorax at the shoulders, which are obtusely prominent ; the upper surface moderately shiny and devoid of scaling (except for the markings described above), with regular deep punctate strize, of which the 7th and 8th begin only at about one-fourth from the base, and the ]0th is broadly interrupted in the middle; the intervals broad and flat, bearing numerous transverse cuts or excisions, each of which contains a short recumbent dark seta, and interval 3 markedly broader at the base than the adjoining ones ; the punctures in the strize contain very short setee which do not rise above the edges of the stria. Legs set with coarse punctures (rounded on the femora and elongate on the tibize) bearing white scalc-like sete.

Length 7-9, breadth 24-3 mm.

MARSHALL. Ann. & Mag. Nat. Hist. Ser. 9. Vol. I. Pl. I.

Sphrigodes gunni, Mshl. x 9. Deiradognathus fasciatus, Mshl. x 4.

Cylindrobaris ornata, Mshl. x 5.

2G tt

a .

& J a 4 * 7 cd . . - 3 roe a . .*. = “oF Pai - ool e = = -+ A f

On Bermudian Species of Donatia (Tethya). 11

Nyasatanp: Mt. Mlanje (S. A. Neave—type). 8S. Ruo- pEsta: Sebakwe (D. Dodds). TransvaaL: Pretoria.

EXPLANATION OF PLATE I. Sphrigodes gunni, Marshall, x 9.

Deiradognathus fasciatus, Marshall, x 4. Cylindrobaris ornata, Marshall, x 5.

I1.— Bermudian Species of Donatia (Tethya). By BLANCHE BENJAMIN CROZIER.

(Contributions from the Bermuda Biological Station for Research.—No. 77.)

A SEARCH for budding sponges in the waters about Bermuda has revealed, in addition to members of other genera, three species of Donatia—D. lyncurium, D. seychellensis, aud two varieties of D. ingall. All, with the exception of D. lyneu- rium, which is comparatively rare, have been obtained in great abundance throughout their respective budding seasons, and kept under observation in their natural situations from September Ist to the end of May. ‘These observations were made as a preliminary to a study, now in progress, of the germ cells of these sponges. I have enjoyed the use of certain equipment belonging to the Bermuda Biological Station, and from the Resident Naturalist of the Station, Dr. W. J. Crozier, I have constantly received assistance. ‘l'o the Smithsonian Institution I am indebted for the loan of a collection of identified material.

I. Donatia seychellensis (E. P. Wright).

During the first week in September Donatia seychellensis, in moderate numbers, was found attached to the vegetation in Millbrook and Fairyland Creeks. These creeks are long narrow inlets bordered by mangroves. They are rey shallow, and a large part of the bottom is covered with plants, flat- bladed eel-grass” or turtle-grass, round-bladed grass, and alow. The sponge attaches itself to the grass by rather slender anchoring filaments; in its most common position upon a round blade it sends out two principal filaments in : opposite directions along the length of the blade, and from its base a few tiny hairs straight “toward the blade. It m ay

12 Miss B. B. Crozier on Bermudian

also send out two or three filaments to neighbouring blades. Less commonly the attachment is to the flat-bladed grass or to alge.

These sponges are of an orange colour, with no great variation from the lighter yellowish or greenish orange to the deeper reddish hue. The lighter colour is more common in small individuals, the deeper colour in large ones. Speci- mens preserved in alcohol are dull light brown. They are approximately spherical and from 8 to 20 mm. in diameter. ‘The surface of a fresh specimen is divided up into polygonal denticulated areas deeper in colour and denser in texture than the intervening spaces, though not necessarily raised above them ; and from the denticulations of these areas proceed