Lord’s Day 31 Themes and Divisions




Christ sets his church under the discipline of the Holy Spirit.


  1. It is the discipline of the Word of Christ.
  2. It is the discipline of the love of Christ


W. Bredenhof


Christ gives the keys of the kingdom to his church.

Those keys are:


  1. The preaching of the good news
  2. The exercise of discipline


G. VanPopta


The good news that Christ our Passover Lamb has been sacrificed.


This good news:


  1. Proclaimed
  2. Rejected
  3. Defended


C. Bouwman


With his gift of keys to the disciples, Christ stresses the fundamental role of preaching.


  1. What the keys are for
  2. How the keys work


Church discipline is God’s gift of love


  1. The place of church discipline
  2. The manner of church discipline


God gives people specific keys to open and close the doors of the kingdom of heaven.


  1. The nature of the keys
  2. The operation of the keys
  3. The attack on the keys



Church discipline is God’s gift to save his straying children


  1. Why church discipline is necessary
  2. How church discipline works
  3. Who is responsible for church discipline


B. Holwerda


Christ and the “key-power” of the church.


These keys signify:


  1. The competency of the church
  2. The seriousness of the church
  3. The salvation of the church


R.H. Bremmer


Christ puts our salvation in focus with the administration of the keys through his church.


We see that in relation with:


  1. Preaching
  2. Discipline
  3. God himself


K. Dijk


The power of the keys


  1. Who administers them?
  2. How are they to be administered?


The church must open and close


  1. Her service of opening

Her service of closing.